FEP Working Papers

FEP Working Papers are intended as an outlet for preliminary scientific or technical papers authored by FEP's researchers. It's goal is to allow authors to share ideas about a topic or to elicit discussion and suggestions for revision before submitting their research to a peer reviewed conference or academic journal.

FEP Working Papers are available in this site, in RePEc database of working papers and in Business Source Premier research database.

Papers will be screened by the Editorial Council solely in order to ensure their compliance with the overall goals of this series.


We encourage the submission of papers intended for publication in peer-reviewed journals or proceeding volumes, and discourage the submission of reprints, chapters from authored books, or theses.

As general rule, only FEP's researchers and their corresponding co-authors may submit their works to FEP Working Paper. For FEP's external researchers, prior to submission to the series, papers need to be proposed by a FEP Research Coordinator (for instance, the one who sponsored the author's visit, who chaired the workshop from which the paper was generated, or who oversees the postdoctoral or student position) and the approval of the editor.

International Bibliographic Databases (RePEc; Business Source Premier)

FEP Working Papers are available in this site and through two important widely known bibliografic databases, RePEc and Business Source Premier. Unless authors explicitly (by a written statement) inform the editor of their wishes in contrary, the submission of a WP will automatically imply the corresponding on-line availability in the two mentioned databases.

To submit a paper

1. Create a PDF version of your paper, complete with figures, according to the Submission Instructions for Authors.

2. Be prepared to provide the following information:

  • Author-Name:
  • Author-Email:
  • Author-WorkPlace-Name:
  • Title:
  • Keywords:
  • Classification-JEL:
  • Abstract:
  • Length:

3. Submit the paper using this link.

[Note: In the case of several co-authors, you have to provide the information of the first three lines for each author.]

Citation Information

When your working paper appears in print, please notify wps@fep.up.pt with a full citation, including the new title (if applicable), journal or book, volume number, year, page numbers, publisher.

Submission Instructions for Authors

Papers must be written in English.

  • Manuscripts should be 1,5-spaced throughout, including references. Tables and figure legends should be single-spaced.
  • Use 2,5 cm margins on all sides, justifying the right margin.
  • Number all pages consecutively beginning with the title page (page number at the bottom of the page centre-justified).
  • Use the same standard Times-New-Roman 12-point font throughout the manuscript.

Title page

  • A concise, informative title (Times-New-Roman 14-point font, Small Caps)
  • The names and affiliations of all authors
  • The contact: mailing address, telephone number, fax number, and e-mail address of the author (or corresponding author, if more than one author)
  • Acknowledgments in a footnote asterisked to the title (please note how the work relates to FEP - funding for the research may be from a FEP research centre, the work may have been based on a collaboration begun at a FEP Seminar, or the paper may be the result of discussions at FEP. Please also note what research grants funded it, including the funding organization and the grant number).


All articles must include an abstract of not more than 150-200 words.


  • Main sections: Times New Roman 12pt, bold and small caps.
  • Sub-sections: Times New Roman, 12pt, bold.
  • Paragraphs: 1,5-spaced, 6pt before; do not indent.
  • Footnotes: Arab continuous numeration at the bottom of each corresponding page.

Abbreviations. The use of abbreviations is discouraged, except for those considered standard. Abbreviations may be used if necessary, but should appear in parentheses the first time they are used in the text - for example: "Indonesian Family Life Survey (IFLS).

Symbols and special characters. Any unusual symbols should be explained in the text.

Equations. Equations should be number in parentheses at the right end of the line on which the display equation is set. Number all equations consecutively and consistently.


Documentation should be presented in author-date style, with all cited references collected in an alphabetical list titled "References." Every work cited in the text, notes, appendixes, tables, and figures must appear in the References; conversely, every work listed in the References should be cited in the text or elsewhere in the article. For two or more publications by the same author(s) in the same year, list them alphabetically by title and use 2003a, 2003b.

In text, references should be cited in chronological order. For three authors, write out the first author's last name with "et al."

Cite references in text by last name of author and year, usually in parentheses (e.g., Johnson, 1996, 1998; Yang, 1997a, 1997b; OECD, 2001; Knowles and Garces-Ozanne, 2003). Specific page numbers or references to tables or figures are also cited in parentheses (Meng, 1997: 62; Adams, 2002, table 1). If the name of the author cited is part of the text, only the date should appear in parentheses: "Johnson (1996) emphasizes this in his study; other views are also expressed by Becker (1991), Cleland et al. (1998), and Knight and Song (1999)."

Examples of the proper format of References are as follows:


Knowles, Stephen, and Garces-Ozanne, Arlene (2003), "Government Intervention and Economic Performance in East Asia", Economic Development and Cultural Change, 51: 451-77.

Yang, Dennis T. (1997), "China's Land Arrangements and Rural Labor Mobility", China Economic Review, 8: 101-15.


Becker, Gary S. (1991), A Treatise on the Family, 2d ed. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Essay in edited collection

Cleland, John, and Kaufmann, Georgia (1998), "Education, Fertility, and Child Survival: Unravelling the Links", In The Methods and Uses of Anthropological Demography, ed. Alaka Malwade Basu and Peter Aaby. Oxford: Clarendon, pp. 25-50.

Paper presented at a conference

Bai, Nansheng (2001), "March Forward to the City or Return Back to the Country: A Study of the Returned Rural Laborers", Paper presented at the 2001 Labor Flow Conference, Beijing, July 4-6.

Working papers

Johnson, D. Gale (1999), "Agricultural Adjustment in China: Problems and Prospects", Working paper nº 45, University of Chicago, Department of Economics.

Lerman, Zvi, and Csaki, Csaba (1997), "Land Reform in Ukraine: The First Five Years", World Bank Discussion Paper no. 371, World Bank, Washington, DC.

Unpublished manuscripts

Cheng, Leonard K., and Zhao, H (1995), "Geographical Patterns of Foreign Direct Investments in China: Location, Factor Endowments, and Policy Incentives", Unpublished manuscript, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Department of Economics.

Narayan, Deepa (2002), "Bonds and Bridges: Social Capital and Poverty", Photocopy, Poverty Group, Poverty Reduction and Economic Management (PREM), World Bank, Washington, DC.


Meng, Erika C. H. (1997), "Land Allocation Decisions and In Situ Conservation of Crop Genetic Resources: The Case of Wheat Landraces in Turkey", Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California, Davis.

Statistical data sources and internet sources

Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia (1997), Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Slovenia, Ljubljana: Republic of Slovenia.

Statistics South Africa, "South African Population Census 1996", http://www.statssa.gov.za/census96/

U.S. Department of Agriculture, "Agricultural Statistics of Former USSR Republics and Baltic States, 1996", http://www.ers.udsa.gov/data/sdp/view.asp?f=international/93009/ (accessed May 16, 2001).

Tables and Figures

Each table/figure should be within the manuscript file, numbered consecutively, with a descriptive title, and cited in numerical order in the text. For tables, each column must have a heading describing the data in the column below. Footnotes and accompanying explanatory material should be kept to a minimum. Use the table editor in your word-processing program to create tables - do not embed tables from a spreadsheet or database program into a word-processing document without first converting them to the word processor's native format. Prepare tables in a consistent manner and as simply as possible. Use your table editor's formatting tools.

© FEP, 2012